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Agile methodology is a type of project management strategy that has been proven to work for software development, as well as where requirements and solutions emerge from the collaborative work of self-organized and cross-functional teams and their users.

What are the Different Types of Agile Methodologies?

Agile refers to the strategies and best practices for structuring projects that are based on the Agile Manifesto’s values and principles. However, there’s no one right way to implement Agile and many different types of methodologies from which to choose The following are a some of the most popular Agile frameworks.

Kanban

Kanban is a straightforward, visual method of project management that allows teams to understand how far they’ve progressed and what’s coming up next. Kanban projects are managed largely using a Kanban board, which divides work into three columns: “To Do,” “Doing,” and “Done.”

Scrum

In many aspects, Scrum is comparable to Kanban. Scrum usually employs a Scrum board, which is similar to a Kanban board and divides tasks into columns based on their progress. Scrum, unlike Kanban, focuses on breaking down a project into sprints and planning and controlling only one sprint at a time. Scrum has two project roles that are unique to it: Scrum master and product owner.

Extreme Programming (XP)

  • For Agile software development initiatives, Extreme Programming (XP) was created. It is similar to the Scrum approach in that it focuses on continuous development and customer delivery and uses intervals or sprints. XP, on the other hand, has 12 software development-specific supporting processes:
  • Planning game
  • Small releases
  • Customer acceptance tests
  • Simple design
  • Pair programming
  • Test-driven development
  • Refactoring
  • Continuous integration
  • Collective code ownership
  • Coding standards
  • Metaphor
  • Sustainable pace

Feature-driven development (FDD)

Another software-specific Agile framework is feature-driven development. Every two weeks, software models are created using this process, which necessitates a development and design plan for each model feature. It has more stringent documentation requirements than XP, making it more suitable for teams with sophisticated design and planning skills. Projects are broken down into five fundamental activities by FDD:

  • Develop an overall model
  • Build a feature list
  • Plan by feature
  • Design by feature
  • Build by feature

Dynamic Systems Development Method (DSDM)

The Dynamic Systems Development Method (DSDM) was created in response to a need for a standardized industry framework for rapid software delivery. It’s natural to expect rework, and any development adjustments must be reversible. Sprints are used in DSDM, much like they are in Scrum, XP, and FDD. This framework is built on the following eight guiding principles:

  • Focus on the business need
  • Deliver on time
  • Collaborate
  • Never compromise quality
  • Build incrementally from firm foundations
  • Develop iteratively
  • Communicate continuously and clearly
  • Demonstrate control

Crystal

Crystal Clear, Crystal Yellow, Crystal Orange, Crystal Red, and other Agile techniques are part of the Crystal family. Each one has its own framework. Your decision is influenced by a number of factors, including the size of your team, priorities, and the criticality of the project.

Lean

Although Lean development is frequently confused with Agile, it is a distinct technique that shares many of the same values. The following are the main principles of the Lean methodology:

  • Eliminating waste
  • Build quality in
  • Create knowledge
  • Defer commitment
  • Deliver fast
  • Respect people
  • Optimize the whole

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